Freedom of Information & Privacy Act

What Information Can Be Withheld
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In limited instances, information may be withheld from disclosure if it is:

  • currently and properly classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;
  • related solely to internal personnel rules and practices, the release of which would allow circumvention of a statute or rule;
  • protected by a statute that specifically exempts the information;
  • trade secrets and commercial or financial information which was obtained from a private source which would cause substantial competitive harm to the source;
  • pre-decisional opinions and recommendations, inter-agency or intra-agency memoranda or letters that show foreseeable harm if released. Also, attorney-client privilege and attorney-work product are covered;
  • personnel and medical information the release of which would result in a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy; and/or
  • investigatory records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes, which (a) could reasonably be expected to interfere with enforcement proceedings, (b) would deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication, (c) could reasonably be expected to constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy, (d) could reasonably be expected to disclose the identity of a confidential source, (e) would disclose investigative techniques, and/or (f) could reasonably be expected to endanger the life or physical safety of any individual.